Vidarbha is the north-eastern region of the state of Maharashtra. Situated at the heart of India, the region borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south, and Marathwada & Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.
Vidarbha has a rich and distinct cultural background. Though Marathi culture is most dominant, Vidarbha has been a melting pot of Telugu-speaking people from the south, Hindi-speakers from central India, and tribal people of Chhattisgarh. The Gadchiroli district of Vidarbha has a large population of tribal people.
The Nagpur region is known for its growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources and is a net producer of power. Vidarbha region contains Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states: Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.